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Baryonyx Fact Sheet
Go to a Printable Version
Baryonyx
Dinosaur/Paleontology Dictionary
NAME: Meaning - Baryonyx means "heavy claw"
Pronounced - BAR-ee-ON-iks
Named By - Angela C. Milner and Alan J. Charig
When Named - 1987
DIET: Carnivore (meat-eater) A fossilized Baryonyx was found with a fossilized meal in its stomach; this stomach contained fish scales, fish bones, and some partially digested bones of a young Iguanodon. So far, Baryonyx is the only known dinosaur that ate fish. It may have waded in rivers and shallow seas to catch fish (just as some modern-day bears do).
SIZE: Length - 32 feet (9.5 m) long
Height - 8 ft (2.5 m) tall at the hips
Weight - 1.5-2 tons
WHEN IT LIVED: Early to middle Cretaceous period, about 125 million years ago
WHERE IT LIVED: Fossils have been found in England, Europe.
FOSSILS: Baryonyx was found in 1983 in a clay pit in Surrey, England, by the British amateur fossil hunter William Walker. It was the first carnivorous (meat-eating) dinosaur found in England. About 70% of this dinosaur's skeleton was found. Baryonyx was found 30 miles south of London, England, in 1983.
CLASSIFICATION:
  • Kingdom Animalia (animals)
  • Phylum Chordata (having a hollow nerve chord ending in a brain)
  • Class Archosauria (diapsids with socket-set teeth, etc.)
  • Order Saurischia - lizard-hipped dinosaurs
  • Suborder Theropoda - bipedal carnivores
  • Tetanura - advanced theropods with three fingers
  • Family Spinosauria
  • Genus Baryonyx
  • Species B. walkeri (type species named by Angela C. Milner and Alan J. Charig, 1987)
INTERESTING
FACTS:
Baryonyx had huge 1-foot (30.5-cm) long claws on its hands (hence its name). It had long, narrow, crocodile-like jaws with 96 small, serrated teeth (this is 1.5 times the number of teeth that most other theropods had). It had a small crest on its snout. Baryonyx had a long, straight neck (unlike other theropods, who had s-shaped necks) and a long tail. Its low-slung body was supported by 2 large rear legs and 2 slightly smaller arms.
LINKS: A detailed page on Baryonyx.

A Baryonyx Printout

10 questions about Baryonyx - A Find It! Quiz


Dinosaur Brief Fact Sheets
Abelisaurus
Aegyptosaurus
Afrovenator
Allosaurus
Altirhinus
Ankylosaurus
Apatosaurus
Archaeopteryx
Argentinosaurus
Bactrosaurus
Baryonyx
Beipiaosaurus
Brachiosaurus
Brontosaurus
Carcharodontosaurus
Carnotaurus
Cetiosaurus
Compsognathus
Corythosaurus
Cryolophosaurus
Daspletosaurus
Dilophosaurus
Diplodocus
Dimetrodon (not a dino)
Dromaeosaurus
Dryptosaurus
Dryosaurus
Edmontosaurus
Einiosaurus
Elaphrosaurus
Eoraptor
Eotyrannus
Eustreptospondylus
Gallimimus
Gasparinisaura
Giganotosaurus
Gorgosaurus
Herrerasaurus
Hesperisaurus
Iguanodon
Jaxartosaurus
Lambeosaurus
Leaellynasaura
Leptoceratops
Masiakasaurus
Massospondylus
Megaraptor
Metriacanthosaurus
Muttaburrasaurus
Nothronychus
Nqwebasaurus
Othnielia
Panoplosaurus
Parasaurolophus
Parksosaurus
Pelorosaurus
Pinacosaurus
Procompsognathus
Pteranodon
Ricardoestesia
Scutellosaurus
Saltopus
Shuvuuia
Sinornithoides
Sinosauropteryx
Spinosaurus
Stegosaurus
Stygimoloch
Suchomimus
Therizinosaurus
Titanosaurus
Torosaurus
Torvosaurus
Triceratops
Troodon
Tyrannosaurus rex (T. rex)
Ultrasauros
Utahraptor
Velociraptor
Wuerhosaurus
Zuniceratops

For more dinosaurs, see our detailed dinosaur information pages, our dinosaur coloring/information printouts, or the dinosaur dictionary, which list many more dinosaurs.

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